Kamla Bhatt Show
Summary: Connecting the Indian diaspora across the world. It is all about life, people and ideas. Every week we speak to an interesting mix of people about business, technology, films, food, books and a host of other subjects. This is the place to come to listen to a stimulating conversation on India.
(http://kamlashow.com/podcast/wp-content/uploads/JohnKahrs-150x150.jpg)John Kahrs won (http://oscars.wikia.com/wiki/John_Kahrs) an Academy award (http://thechronicleherald.ca/artslife/779195-nscad-celebrates-grad-s-oscar-win) for his animated short film Paperman (http://herocomplex.latimes.com/movies/paperman-oscar-nominated-disney-short-takes-a-page-from-classics/). This was Kahrs directorial debut and his first Oscar nomination. Paperman is a 7 minute black and white short film that combines old and new technology in a powerful and delightful way. We caught up with Kahrs just as his film was being premiered in 2012. In this interview he talks about how he got the idea to make Paperman (http://www.tumblr.com/tagged/john%20kahrs), his love for animation and storytelling and technology. (You can follow John Kahrs on Twitter) (https://twitter.com/john_kahrs) There e are lots of people that have combined 2D and 3D technology in their films prior to Kahrs. "But it’s the first film that uses this (I think in a) very novel way of carrying a drawn line and merging them together. I think that’s what’s original about it and it is hard to describe. Its (like) very nerdy and technical but its good," as Kahrs puts it in the interview. Kahrs says that he loved drawing figures as a child and drew a flip book for his mother. "Well, I just loved animation and I loved the magic of making something move," and that's his love affair with animation began. And what about the role of technology in animation and storytelling? Kahrs says "...technology is just means to an end. Really, if a story is not right then the technology doesn’t really add up to. It adds up to something, it can create incredible spectacle, but if the story isn’t there then," it is going to be difficult to reach the audience. Kahrs was with Pixar for 10 years where he worked on all the projects from A Bug's Life to Ratatouille including Monsters (http://pixarplanet.com/blog/spline-cast-interview-john-kahrs) and Cars. He now works for Walt Disney Animation (https://thewaltdisneycompany.com/blog/short-films-experience-resurgence-disney-animation) headed by John Lasseter (http://www.forbes.com/sites/johngaudiosi/2013/02/26/disney-exec-john-lasseter-goes-to-infinity-and-beyond-qa/). This interview was filmed in September 2012 at the 2nd Palo Alto International Film Festival. Photo credit: John Kahrs Twitter account (https://twitter.com/john_kahrs) Related: John Kahrs on Paperman, Animation & Technology (http://youtu.be/bAB8UR_BvwU) - video
(http://kamlashow.com/podcast/wp-content/uploads/Trichy-Sankaran-150x150.jpg)Prof Trichy Sankaran (http://www.trichysankaran.com/) is a musician, composer, teacher & author. Based in Canada he teaches Carnatic music at York University (http://finearts.yorku.ca/). A master percussionist, Prof. Sankaran (http://youtu.be/2NhRJh2UReA) plays the double-headed drum mridangam. He has written 2 books on Carnatic music The Rhythmic Principals and Practice of South Indian Drumming and The Art of Konnakkol. Prof. Sankaran (http://www.yorku.ca/finearts/faculty/profs/sankaran.htm) has worked with musicians from different genres from around the world. In 2012 he was awarded the (http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pfXfAbiIji8)Sangita Kalanidh (http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pfXfAbiIji8) by the Madras Music Academy. In Part-1 of our conversation Prof. Sankaran talks about music, education and his childhood. He was the only one among his 6 siblings who took to music. At the age of 4 he was introduced to the mridangam through an older cousin, who was also his first teacher. His first guru was the noted Caranatic music percussionist Palani Subramaniam Pillai (http://www.palanisubramaniapillai.org/). He was 10 years old when he made his debut on stage for a hari katha performance and there was no looking back since then. . Prof. Sankaran was 10 years old when he made his debut on stage for a hari katha performance and there was no looking back since then. For the next 6 years he juggled his life between school and learning to play the mridangam. After graduating from high school he took a year off and spent the time with his guru playing at various concerts. What happened after high school is in Part-2 of our conversation. This is a multi-part interview. Related Links: Trichy Sankaran on Carnatic Music and Solkattu (http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6gC8VtVW0V0)- video Trichy Sankaran on Sangita Kalanidhi Award (http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pfXfAbiIji8) - video Photo credit: Trichy Sankaran
(http://kamlashow.com/podcast/wp-content/uploads/Madhur-Jaffrey-220-150x150.jpg)Madhur Jaffrey says "I am just an actress, who loves to cook." Food and acting are her twin passions. She is the author of many cookbooks and was featured in a BBC series Flavors of India (http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Wdx09THRFkc), where she took us around India on her culinary adventures. After a 17 years break from TV Madhur is back on BBC (http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/entertainment-arts-17700433)with Curry Nation (http://youtu.be/fN-Lsj7XVmE), a 10-part series on impact of that all-popular Indian curry in the UK. It was acting that brought her to the USA. After training as an actor in the UK, Madhur moved to New York in the 1960s and has lived there ever since. It was during this time she started collaborating with filmmakers Ismail Merchant (http://www.economist.com/node/4032389) and James Ivory (http://www.telegraph.co.uk/culture/film/film-life/7594080/Interview-with-film-director-James-Ivory.html). Merchant was studying business at New York University, but he had big dreams about bringing Indian culture to the US points out Madhur. Her collaboration with Merchant-Ivory (http://www.merchantivory.com/) started with Shakespeare Wallah (1965) and continued for the next 40 years. Shakespeare Wallah (http://www.tcm.com/this-month/article.html?isPreview=&id=430514%7C413006&name=Shakespeare-Wallah) was produced on a shoestring budget by Merchant and directed by Ivory. Madhur won a silver bear at the Berlin Film Festival for her performance in the film. In Part-2 of our interview Madhur talks about what it was like to live in the USA in the 1960s and source for ingredients for her Indian kitchen. Indian food was relatively unknown in the USA during the 1960s. She also talks about her friendship and collaboration with Merchant, and his fascination for food and how he could rustle a wonderful meal without any fuss. In fact, Merchant was famous for rustling up a simple and tasty meal for his crew whenever a film was under production. In case you missed, you may want to listen to Part-1 (http://kamlashow.com/podcast/2012/11/01/madhur-jaffrey-on-food-writing/) of our interview with Madhur Jaffrey. Photo courtesy: Madhur Jaffrey’s website Related Links: Madhur Jaffrey on Taste Memories of Delhi (http://kamlashow.com/podcast/2010/01/29/in-conversation-with-madhur-jaffrey/) – podcast
(http://kamlashow.com/podcast/wp-content/uploads/49-150x150.jpg)Javed Akhtar (https://twitter.com/Javedakhtarjadu) is a well-known Hindi film lyricist, screenwriter and an urdu poet. He has been involved in Hindi film industry or Bollywood for over 40 years. In the interview Mr. Akhtar talks about Umrao Jaan (http://www.umraojaanthefilm.com/), his father Jan Nissar Akhtar (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jan_Nisar_Akhtar) and writings. This interview was recorded on November 2, 2006 at the IAAC film festival (http://www.iaac.us/sixth_film_festival2006/screening_schedule.htm)in Manhattan, New York. At the time of the interview Mr. Akhtar (http://www.javedakhtar.com/homepage/index.html)had not seen his new film Umrao Jaan (http://www.umraojaanthefilm.com/), which was screened at the IAAC film festival. Mr. Akhtar (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Javed_Akhtar)originally planned on being a film director, and thought that screen writing might lead him to achieve his goal. Mr. Akhtar teamed up with Mr. Salim Khan and as Salim-Javed (http://www.upperstall.com/people/salimjaved.html)the duo wrote a string of blockbuster screenplays like Sholay (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sholay), Deewar (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Deewaar), and Zanjeer (http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0070947/) among others. Although reluctant at first, Mr. Akhtar started writing lyrics for Hindi films pretty late in his career. His first film was Love Story 1942. Since then he has penned a string of memorable songs. This interview was originally published on November 12, 2006. Photo credit: javedakhtar.com Related Links: A multip-episode podcast interview with Dr. Salman Akhtar, his brother, who talks about the evolution of Hindi cinema from the silent cinema days to 21st century. You can listen to Dr. Salman Akhtar's interview here (http://kamlabhattshow.com/content/3090/secondary-five.html).
(http://kamlashow.com/podcast/wp-content/uploads/MrsClarke_TajWestEnd1-150x150.jpg)Bangalore's Taj West End Hotel (http://www.tajhotels.com/Luxury/City-Hotels/The-Taj-West-End-Bangalore/Overview.html) turned 125 years old in 2012. This iconic Bangalore (http://kamlashow.com/blog/2012/05/16/bangalore/)hotel is perhaps one of the oldest hotels in India. Established in 1887, the West End was initially known as Mrs. Bronson's Boarding House and had 10 beds. The original building where the boarding house was located is still intact and is home to a high-end spa at the West End. The understated and classic hotel with its traditional monkeytop roof has hosted guests like the Raja of Chettinad; Devika Rani (http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-hcBNk9fhd4&feature=share&list=PL6D85B824274D607B), the first lady of Indian cinema; Winston Churchill; Dilip Kumar, a well-known Hindi film actor; Amitabh Bachchan and others. British filmmaker David Lean (http://youtu.be/D5QxsiE8Nzg) shot part of his film "The Passage to India (http://youtu.be/0yJvteS8uEA)" at the West End. What was the West End like in the 1950s? Mrs. Iris Clark (86), who worked at the Taj West End for over 30 years takes us back to the Westend of the 1950s and shares some fond memories of the hotel, when the cost of a single room was less than Rs. 20. Related Links: Taj West End at 125 - movie (http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GtTUq9G6ot8) A series of Bangalore Special podcasts (http://kamlashow.com/podcast/?s=bangalore) from the 1930s to the 21stc
(http://kamlashow.com/podcast/wp-content/uploads/Matthew_Lillard_2012-150x150.jpg)Meet actor turned director Mathew Lillard (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Matthew_Lillard), who talks about his debut film Fat Kid Rules The World (http://youtu.be/i8Nb1ubm1NA). Based on a best-selling novel by AL Gooing it's a poignant and interesting coming-of-age film about two teenage boys with very different personalities. What unites them together is their love of music. Lillard is using new and interesting ways to raise money for the marketing of Fat Kid Rules The World. He crowdsourced funds from Kickstarter (http://www.kickstarter.com/)and talks about how that money is being used to promote the film. He also talks about the new way in which they are showing the films around the country. In this interview Lillard talks about his debut film, acting career and how he got into teaching. Lillard's film repertoire includes Scream, Scooby Doo, The Descendants (http://youtu.be/SRdcogfMLfA) and Trouble With The Curve (http://youtu.be/kjnvsfytATI). This interview was recorded in San Francisco when Lillard came to attend the 35th Mill Valley Film Festiva (http://www.mvff.com/)l. Photo credit: Wikidpedia
(http://kamlashow.com/podcast/wp-content/uploads/tumblr_md6ttdSlfh1r091sko1_500-150x150.jpg)Director Sacha Gervasi's debut feature film Hitchcock (http://youtu.be/vOTq6KYDTfI) is an unusual film. While we know quite a lot about the "master of suspense" Hitchcock and his movie-making techniques, there is very little we know about his personal life and the key role his wife played throughout his long and distinguished film career. The film is a homage to Hitchcock (http://youtu.be/DPFsuc_M_3E)and his wife Alma Reville (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alma_Reville). Both started their film careers in London during the silent film era. Alma in fact was only 16 years old when she started working in films and was a script girl and editor. This is a love story as Sacha puts it that shows the deep personal and professional relationship that the Hitchcocks' shared. The film (http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wcILL4OnEIs&feature=share&list=UUor9rW6PgxSQ9vUPWQdnaYQ)is based on the book Making of Psycho by Stephen Rebello. The film is set against the making of Psycho (http://youtu.be/u0qpmM6tnB8), which Hitchcock made right after his hit film North by Northwest. He has just turned 60 years old, and decides that he wants to make a very different kind of picture and has his sight set on making Psycho. Initially Alma thinks it is "claptrap" but then comes round to the idea of making the film. She plays a key role in the success of Pyscho. Were it not for her professional help certain key scenes in Psycho would not have turned out the way they did like the iconic shower scene (http://youtu.be/8VP5jEAP3K4). Hitchcock had a long and distinguished career in films, but never won an Oscar. He did win an AFI Life Time Achievement Award (http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pb5VdGCQFOM). In this interview Sacha talks about how he got to direct the film and and the treatment of the script and the relationship between Hitchcock and Alma. Hitchcock stars Anthony Hopkins, Helen Mirren, Scarlett Johansson, Danny Huston, Toni Collette and Jessica Biel. Screenplay is by John J. McLaughlin. Research credit for this podcast: Sandy Photo credit: Fox Searchlight
(http://kamlashow.com/podcast/wp-content/uploads/AngLee.png)Academy award winner Ang Lee (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ang_Lee) talks about his new film Life of Pi that is based on a novel by best selling author Yann Martel. This is Lee's first major foray into 3D filmmaking. The film traces a the story of Piscine Militor Patel (Pi) and a tiger called Richard Parker. Trapped in a small white boat after their ship sinks, Pi and Richard Parker go through an epic journey across the ocean. Both survive the harrowing journey and how they did it is the crux of the film. Life of Pi is a film about courage, hope and spirituality and Lee somehow captures these elusive and hard to grasp feelings in some fairly powerful visual moments. Suraj Sharma (http://youtu.be/IZ75mzxNgRw) plays the role of Pi.What is interesting is that this is Sharma's first film and he beat 3,000 other people to bag this film. Others in the film include Irffan Khan, Tabu and Adil Hussain. The film opens in Lee's signature style - that unhurried 4-5 minutes of opening scene that establishes the visual narrative and offers a glimpse of what is in store for you. In the case of Life of Pi the opening scene features a lovely lullaby like song in Tamil by Bombay Jayshree that is accompanied by some stunning visuals of the rich flora and fauna, birds and animals of Pondicherry. In this interview Lee talks about how he cast Suraj Sharma, a newbie as Pi, the making of his first 3D film, filming in India and food. Yes, food since he is a foodie at heart. Lee is the director of Academy winner Brokeback Mountain (http://youtu.be/dc7Odty5MuM); Lust, Caution; Taking Woodstock (http://youtu.be/ob2Q_c84Q0o); Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon (http://youtu.be/iv_ed5VmoD8); Eat Drink Man Woman (http://youtu.be/zs5WiddD7i0) and Wedding Banquet (http://youtu.be/2LeSbLGhFE0) among others. Photo credit of Ang Lee: 20th Century Fox Film Corp.
(http://kamlashow.com/podcast/wp-content/uploads/Madhur-Jaffrey-220-150x150.jpg)Meet Madhur Jaffrey an award-winning actress and cookbook writer and one of the earliest culinary ambassadors of Indian food in the US and UK. She is the author of many cookbooks and was featured in a BBC series Flavors of India (http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Wdx09THRFkc), where she took us around India on her culinary adventures. Now in 2012 after a 17 years break from TV Madhur is back on BBC (http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/entertainment-arts-17700433)with a 10-part series on impact of that all-popular Indian curry in the UK. Madhur points out that often Indian food is perceived as complicated and time-consuming to cook. In her book At Home With Madhur Jaffrey she dispels the notion that Indian food is time-consuming. In this book she shares tips and methods that she has collected over the years cooking for her family in her kitchen. How does she collect and write her cook books? What is her writing process like? These and other questions are answered by Madhur in Part-1 of our interview. We met with Madhur Jaffrey on a balmy day in San Francisco in 2010 and recorded the interview. Photo courtesy: Madhur Jaffrey's website Related Links: Madhur Jaffrey on Taste Memories of Delhi (http://kamlashow.com/podcast/2010/01/29/in-conversation-with-madhur-jaffrey/) - podcast
(http://kamlashow.com/podcast/wp-content/uploads/Sheryl-Connelly-Mug-150x150.jpg)In Part-2 of our conversation Ford Motor Co's (http://www.ford.com) futurist Sheryl Connelly talks about her role as a futurist. While we can predict the future, we can help shape it is one way of describing what she does points out Sheryl. A car is much more than taking you from Point A to Point B she says. So, what is a car going to look like in the future? Driverless car? The global population is going to see an increase from the current 7 billion to 9 billion. What does that mean? Will cars became a utility? Will there be cars on demand? These, and other questions are answered by Sheryl. This is Part-2 of our 2-part conversation with Sheryl that was recorded in Palo Alto in August 2012. Here is the link to Part-1 (http://kamlashow.com/podcast/2012/10/04/fords-futurist-sheryl-connelly/)of the conversation. Photo credit: Ford Motor Co. Related Links: * Alan, Mullaly, Ford's President and CEO interview (http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4RU3U6mG4nU) -video * Edsel B. Ford - great, grandson of Henry Ford (http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=V0xni_lQmKs) - video * Paul Mascarenas, Ford's CTO (http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CeIpUab0r9w) - video * John Hinrichs, Ford's President of Asia Pacific Africa Region (http://kamlashow.com/podcast/2011/06/10/fords-joe-hinrichs-on-india-china/) - podcast * John Hinrichs, Ford's President of Asia Pacific Africa Region (http://youtu.be/7KLEVzsoqZs)- video * Venkatesh Prasad - Ford's "What's Next" guy - video (http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=v8lgxB9d8RE) * Unveiling Ford Focus Electric at CES 2011 (http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=l00APvGzfDs) - video
(http://kamlashow.com/podcast/wp-content/uploads/Sheryl-Connelly-Mug-150x150.jpg)Why does an automobile company need a futurist? Ever wondered about it? Meet Ford (http://www.ford.com)Motor Company's Sheryl Connelly, who breaks it down and shares what a futurist brings to the table, especially for an automobile company. How to you bridge the gap between what is happening today, and what is going to unfold in the future? Is there a way to predict? It takes 36 months for a car to go from concept to hitting the road, but within those 36 months a lot can happen in the world of technology, especially mobile phones. Questions like how do you match the innovation cycle of a car to that of a mobile phone become an important issue for connected cars (http://youtu.be/qRvz3k6dB0o). As Sheryl explains sometimes the context of an innovation can go wrong, and when it does what then is an efficient way to fix that? In 2007 Ford introduced Sync (http://mashable.com/2011/09/01/ford-sync/), which has gone through a couple of revisions since its introductions. How did Ford iron the wrinkles in Sync? Technology is just one part of the equation. How do you factor in consumer's behavior and habits? Today, car owners hold on to their cars for 10-11 years, and don't flip it around often. What does that mean to an automobile company like Ford? Tune in to find out what Sheryl has to say. This is Part-1 of our 2-part conversation with Sheryl that was recorded in Palo Alto in August 2012. Photo credit: Ford Motor Co. Related Links: * Alan, Mullaly, Ford's President and CEO interview (http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4RU3U6mG4nU) -video * Edsel B. Ford - great, grandson of Henry Ford (http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=V0xni_lQmKs) - video * Paul Mascarenas, Ford's CTO (http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CeIpUab0r9w) - video * John Hinrichs, Ford's President of Asia Pacific Africa Region (http://kamlashow.com/podcast/2011/06/10/fords-joe-hinrichs-on-india-china/) - podcast * John Hinrichs, Ford's President of Asia Pacific Africa Region (http://youtu.be/7KLEVzsoqZs)- video * Venkatesh Prasad - Ford's "What's Next" guy - video (http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=v8lgxB9d8RE) * Unveiling Ford Focus Electric at CES 2011 (http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=l00APvGzfDs) - video
(http://kamlashow.com/podcast/wp-content/uploads/MichaelPena-NatalineMartinez-150x150.jpg)Director David Ayer (http://movieline.com/2012/09/21/david-ayer-end-of-watch-jake-gyllenhaa/) of Fast and Furious fame has a new film out - End of Watch (http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TYGXe5ggBx0). This unusual cop film revolves Jake Gyllenhaal (http://www.jakegyllenhaal.com/) and Michael Pena and their police beat in Newton, a gritty part of Los Angeles. Behind that police badge beats a heart just like yours is part of the opening dialog of the films. And it is behind that badge, and what goes in the hearts and minds of these cops that End of Watch is all about. The film evokes a range of emotions in the user. It is funny, gritty, whimsical and emotional. In this interview (http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gMbkCuipARI&list=UUg24IW2af8JjGE-DCbkPG0g&index=1&feature=plcp) Michael Pena and Natalie Martinez (http://www.imdb.com/name/nm2358540/) share about how they prepared for their roles in End of Watch. Both actors also share the challenges they faced when they began their career in Hollywood. End of Watch releases on Sept 21, 2012.
(http://kamlashow.com/podcast/wp-content/uploads/PushpeshPant-150x150.jpg)What is Indian food? Or, should the question be what are Indian foods? How do you define Indian food especially when India was not always a cohesive geographical entity? What was the role of the 2,000 year old spice trade on Indian cooking? Do geographical barriers matter when it comes to food? What happened to the original food of Delhi? What about the role of old and new immigrants on Indian cuisine? To find answers to what is Indian food we turned to Prof. Pushpesh Pan (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pushpesh_Pant)t (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pushpesh_Pant)who says that what exists in India are "zones of taste," and that there is no such thing as Indian food. Zones of taste are almost like the Indian national anthem that intermingle and create India's culinary inheritance he explains. Seasonal variation played a key role in Indian cuisine, but that is changing. Ladakh, a snowy desert is growing fresh vegetables and that has changed the food habits of the people in that region he points out. How has Indian food changed in recent years? "The myth of Mughalai cuisine." and the " tyranny of tandoori food" has changed the Indian food is Pant's (http://twitter.com/PushpeshPant) pithy answer. Tune in to listen to the interview. You can also watch a video interview with Pushpesh Pant on the original foods of India. Related Links: Pushesh Pant on India: The Cookbook (http://kamlashow.com/podcast/2012/08/23/prof-pushpesh-pant-on-india-the-cookbook/) Part-1 (podcast) What is Paan? (http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=opnAIb8snq8) (video)
(http://kamlashow.com/podcast/wp-content/uploads/PushpeshPant-150x150.jpg)Prof. Pushpesh Pant (https://twitter.com/#!/PushpeshPant/followers) has written a handful of books on Indian cuisine. His best known is India: The Cookbook published in 2010. This comprehensive book contains 1,000 recipes from different parts of India. But, what is Indian food? What is Indian cooking? How has Indian cuisine evolved and changed over the years? How do you describe the different types of Indian cuisines? What are the best places to eat in New Delhi? What are the best places to eat in India?(Hint: Baneras (http://travel.outlookindia.com/article.aspx?263615) or Varanasi and Sarafa bazar (http://madhyapradesh.blogspot.com/2012/06/sarafa-bazar-indore-gourmets-delight.html)in Indore.) How did he develop his palate for different kinds of Indian cooking growing up in the foothills of the Himalayas in the Kumaon (http://kamlashow.com/podcast/2006/03/18/ira-pande-remembers-shivani/) region? Kumaoni cuisine has a limited repertoire and tends to very simple. These and other questions are answered by Prof. Pant in this interview. Prof. Pant started his teaching career as a 22 year old. He taught International Relations at Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi for over 40 years. Related Links: Pushpesh Pant on what is paan (http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=opnAIb8snq8) (video)
(http://kamlashow.com/podcast/wp-content/uploads/EunaDSa-150x131.jpg)India in 1947 (http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tXfYjFmnHW0) what was it like? How did the young people (http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=l8AHZPyFD8Q) react when India became independent on August 15, 1947? What was the transition like? How did they learn the new national anthem? What did the young students learn in their geography classes in the 1940s? What was the map of India like? For these questions and more we turned to Eunice D'Asa fondly referred to as Aunty Euna. She vividly recollect 1947 for that was the year she got married. She paints a picture of what young people like her felt when India got its independence in 1947. Prior to 1947 it was the British anthem that was sung in schools and concerts and Aunty Euna explains how they learnt the new national anthem for India. She has been playing the Indian national anthem on the piano for over 60 years now. Here's a video clip (http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NjJ3NRiTc54&list=UUg24IW2af8JjGE-DCbkPG0g&index=1&feature=plcp) of her playing the Indian national anthem. Aunty Euna moved to the US over 20 years ago, and lives in Silicon Valley. Related Video Links: India in 1947: Murli Wanchoo in Simla (http://youtu.be/l8AHZPyFD8Q) India in 1947: Srigopal Sharma in Nagpur (http://youtu.be/RHBJ7q6LtqM) (Hindi) India in 1947: Sharma & Sharma in UP (http://youtu.be/tXfYjFmnHW0) India in 1947: Nirmal Pushkarna in Srinagar, Kashmir (http://youtu.be/RcuJ6AFByk8) India in 1947: Shanta Sharma in Madhya Pradesh (http://youtu.be/D40WbH4UvJU) (Hindi) India in 1947: Anusuya Devi in Madras (http://youtu.be/icOoGh0kyuQ) Madhur Jaffrey About Her Food Memories of Delhi in 1940s (http://kamlashow.com/podcast/2010/01/29/in-conversation-with-madhur-jaffrey/)